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morse_code_code

The LED Tutorial is where I started, and I had to tweak the code so that I didn't get a GpioPinExistsException. I added a finalize() method

LED class

I am using RaspiPin.GPIO_25 since chose to wire my LED to physical pin 37, aka BCM GPIO 26

LED.java
import com.pi4j.io.gpio.*;
import com.pi4j.io.gpio.event.*;
 
/**
 * Write a description of class LED here.
 * @author Ian Utting @author Fabio Heday 
 * Chris Thiel added the finalize() method to aviod GpioPinExistsException
 * @version 10 Aug 18
 */
public class LED implements GpioPinListenerDigital
{
    /* The LED gpio*/
    private GpioPinDigitalOutput ledPin;
    private GpioController gpio;
    /**
     * Constructor for objects of class LED
     */
    public LED()
    {
        //GpioUtil.enableNonPrivilegedAccess();
 
        gpio = GpioFactory.getInstance();
 
        ledPin = gpio.provisionDigitalOutputPin(RaspiPin.GPIO_25, "LED", PinState.LOW);
    }
 
    protected void finalize(){
        gpio.unprovisionPin(ledPin);
    }
 
    /**
     * Flash the LED for a given amount of time @param  ms   the time to flash the LED in milliseconds
     */
    public void flash(int ms)
    {
        ledPin.high();
        try {
            Thread.sleep(ms);
        }
        catch (InterruptedException e) {
        }
        ledPin.low();
    }
 
    /**
     * Turns on the LED
     */
    public void on()
    {
        ledPin.high();
    }
 
    /**
     * Turns off the LED
     */
    public void off()
    {
        ledPin.low();
    }
 
    /**
     * toggle LED state
     */
    public void handleGpioPinDigitalStateChangeEvent(GpioPinDigitalStateChangeEvent event)
    {
        ledPin.toggle();
    }
}

LEDTester Class

LEDTester.java
/**
 * This class tests LED by flashing some morse code. 2014 verion by 
 * @author Ian Utting
 * @author Fabio Heday
 * 
 * Chris Thiel added the finalize() method to aviod GpioPinExistsException
 * @version 10 Aug 18
 */
public class LEDTester
{
    public LED pin1;
 
    //unit of time, in milliseconds
    private final static int UNIT = 200;
 
    public static void main(String [] args) {
        LEDTester lt = new LEDTester();
 
        String s = "SOS SOS SOS";
//         
          if ( args.length > 0 && args[0] != null && !args[0].equals ("") )
            s = args[0];
 
        lt.flashMorse(s);
        lt.finalize();
    }
 
    /*
     * create a new LED instance
     */
    public LEDTester() {
        this(new LED());
    }
 
    /*
     * Creates a LED instance based on a LED object
     */
    public LEDTester(LED p) {
        pin1 = p;
    }
 
    /*
     * Flashes the LED 10 times
     */
    public void flash10Times() {
 
        for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
            pin1.flash(200);
            try { Thread.sleep (200); } catch (InterruptedException e) {}
        }
    }
 
 
    /*
     * Sends the morse code using the LED.
     */
    public void flashMorse(String msg) {
 
        char [] morse = StringToMorse.translate(msg).toCharArray();
 
        // . = 1, - = 3, intra-char = 1, inter-char = 3, space = 7.",
 
        for (char atom : morse) {
                if (atom == '.') {
                    pin1.flash(UNIT);
                } else if (atom == '-') {
                    pin1.flash(3*UNIT);
                } else if (atom == '/') {   // inter-symbol gap
                    sleep (1);   // plus one leading and one trailing == 3
                } else {
                    // must be a space
                    sleep (5);   // plus one leading and one trailing == 7
                }
                sleep (1);   // common gap
        }
    }
    /*
     * Wait units times the defined unit of time
     */
    private void sleep(int units) {
        try { 
            Thread.sleep(units*UNIT); 
        } catch (InterruptedException e) 
        {
        }
    }
    protected void finalize(){
        pin1.finalize();
    }        
}

String to Morse class

This is unchanged from the original

StringToMorse.java
import java.util.*;
 
import static java.lang.Character.*;
 
/**
 * Translate a String into Morse code.
 * 
 * Maps lower case letters to upper case.
 * Returned string contains the Morse equivalent of the parameter, 
 * with codons sperated by slashes, and spaces represented by spaces..
 * 
 * @author Ian Utting
 * @version 1.0
 */
 
public class StringToMorse
{
    private static final Map<Character, String> code = new HashMap<>();
        static {
            // Upper case letters
            /* A */ code.put('A', ".-");
            /* B */ code.put('B', "-...");
            /* C */ code.put('C', "-.-.");
            /* D */ code.put('D', "-..");
            /* E */ code.put('E', ".");
            /* F */ code.put('F', "..-.");
            /* G */ code.put('G', "--.");
            /* H */ code.put('H', "....");
            /* I */ code.put('I', "..");
            /* J */ code.put('J', ".---");
            /* K */ code.put('K', "-.-");
            /* L */ code.put('L', ".-..");
            /* M */ code.put('M', "--");
            /* N */ code.put('N', "-.");
            /* O */ code.put('O', "---");
            /* P */ code.put('P', ".--.");
            /* Q */ code.put('Q', "--.-");
            /* R */ code.put('R', ".-.");
            /* S */ code.put('S', "...");
            /* T */ code.put('T', "-");
            /* U */ code.put('U', "..-");
            /* V */ code.put('V', "...-");
            /* W */ code.put('W', ".--");
            /* X */ code.put('X', "-..-");
            /* Y */ code.put('Y', "-.--");
            /* Z */ code.put('Z', "--..");
 
            // Lower case letters map to the same values as upper case
            /* A */ code.put('a', ".-");
            /* B */ code.put('b', "-...");
            /* C */ code.put('c', "-.-.");
            /* D */ code.put('d', "-..");
            /* E */ code.put('e', ".");
            /* F */ code.put('f', "..-.");
            /* G */ code.put('g', "--.");
            /* H */ code.put('h', "....");
            /* I */ code.put('i', "..");
            /* J */ code.put('j', ".---");
            /* K */ code.put('k', "-.-");
            /* L */ code.put('l', ".-..");
            /* M */ code.put('m', "--");
            /* N */ code.put('n', "-.");
            /* O */ code.put('o', "---");
            /* P */ code.put('p', ".--.");
            /* Q */ code.put('q', "--.-");
            /* R */ code.put('r', ".-.");
            /* S */ code.put('s', "...");
            /* T */ code.put('t', "-");
            /* U */ code.put('u', "..-");
            /* V */ code.put('v', "...-");
            /* W */ code.put('w', ".--");
            /* X */ code.put('x', "-..-");
            /* Y */ code.put('y', "-.--");
            /* Z */ code.put('z', "--..");
 
            // Digits
            /* 0 */ code.put('0', "-----");
            /* 1 */ code.put('1', ".----");
            /* 2 */ code.put('2', "..---");
            /* 3 */ code.put('3', "...--");
            /* 4 */ code.put('4', "....-");
            /* 5 */ code.put('5', ".....");
            /* 6 */ code.put('6', "-....");
            /* 7 */ code.put('7', "--...");
            /* 8 */ code.put('8', "---..");
            /* 9 */ code.put('9', "----.");            
 
            // punctuation
            /* . */ code.put('.', ".-.-.-");
            /* , */ code.put(',', "--..--");
            /* : */ code.put(':', "---...");
            /* ? */ code.put('?', "..--..");
            /* ' */ code.put('\'', ".----.");
            /* - */ code.put('-', "-....-");
            /* / */ code.put('/', "-..-.");
            /* ( */ code.put('(', "-.--.-");
            /* ) */ code.put(')', "-.--.-");
            /* " */ code.put('"', ".-..-.");
            /* @ */ code.put('@', ".--.-.");
            /* = */ code.put('=', "-...-");
 
            // Special code for a space character.
                    code.put(' ', " ");
        }
 
    /**
     * Translate a string into its Morse code equivalent
     * 
     * Spaces in message are encoded as spaces in the returned string. Codons are separated by slashes
     * 
     * @param message   The string to be translated
     * @return The encoded string.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException  if there is a character in message which is not codeable in Morse
     */    
    public static String translate(String message) {
        String result = new String();
 
        for(char c : message.toCharArray()) {
            if (code.containsKey(c)) result = result + code.get(c) + "/";
            else throw new IllegalArgumentException("Character " + c + "is not in Morse's code");
        }
        // trim the trailing slash
        result = result.substring(0, result.length() - 1);
        return result;
    }
}
morse_code_code.txt · Last modified: 2018/08/11 02:16 by frchris